After these technical explanations, we have continued with the Russian Revolution.
Paqui has shown the PowerPoint and we have remembered that the Tsar was supported by the Orthodox Church, the bureaucracy (police, civil servants...) etc. Only in some cities there were industries and workers. Then we have copied a scheme about the Political parties in Russia. They were all illegal and forbidden and some of them were:
- A Liberal party -> Constitutional Democratic Party (KDT) with liberal ideology.
-> Russian Social Democratic: Liberal party (RSDLP) with the Marxist ideology and focused on industrial workers. Divided into:
·Mensheviks, which were the majority until October 1917. In russian, "menshe" means: less (in contraditcion of the members).
·Bolsheviks, which were the minority until October 1917. In russian, "bolshe" means: more (again, in contradiction of its members). Its leader was Vladimir Lenin.
Afterwards, we have read a small paragraph about The 1905 Revolution. As Japan wanted Russia, the russian workers demonstrated and the revolt extended.
Then, we have copied some information :
Protests started in different cities after the Russian defeat in the Russo- Japanese War (1904-1905). The tsar tried to stop protests by force, but it didn't work. Soviets appeared for the first time: they were councils of workers, peasants and soldiers who met to coordinate protests and demands. The tsar promised some reforms to make Russia a constitutional regime (a constitution, universal suffrage...) but he didn't keep any promise and he continued repressing opposition. Many leaders of the opposition had to go to exile.
Paqui has shown us an image of a battleship " Potemkin" which was the ship rebelled against the officers of the Tsarist regime in 1905.
The new words we've learnt are: Menshevik- Menchevique
Finally, the bell has rung and Paqui hasn't given us any homework because we have to finish the projects