Today in class of Social Sciences Paqui has asked me about how was my trip in Rome, if I liked it and if I saw something from the travel journal that we made in the first term. I told her that I've seen the Vatican City (San Pietro) and a lot of things...
( http://santopordia.blogspot.com.es/2011/11/18-de-noviembre-dedicacion-de-las.html )
Then the class has started. She has started writing a scheme about the 2nd Industrial Revolution on the blackboard. She has told us to complete it while she was explaining everything.
The 2nd Industrial Revolution developed in the 2nd part of the 19th century.
New energy sources were found out, the electricity and the oil.
There were also new inventions such as: dynamo, alternator, transformer, incandescent light buld, trains, tramways, subway, telegraph, telephone, radio, cinematograph, phonograph, different types of engines...
She has told us about the telegraph, that more words you added, the more expensive it will be. Now, the telegraphhas it almost disappeared. I think that no one uses it now. Normally telegraphs were used to tell bad news, because normally people used letters.
With the telephone, in the past when you called someone, you first called a women and you told her with who you wanted to speak and she connected you with the person you want. Sometimes they listened to the conversation.
After that, for a small period, the class has started speaking about some TV series that I don't watch.
Then we have started learning about the new industries that developed during this revolution. They were the Metalworking Industry that invented the aluminum and the stainless iron; And the Chemical Industry that invented cement, concreted, pesticides, dyes, pharmaceutical products...
Then we have started learning about the new ways of organizing production, Taylorism/ Production line and Mass Production/ Standardization; These two ways were used for making cars, the first system consists of every worker making a part of the product; And the second one is making many copies from the same model.
After that we have continued with the explanation and we have started with the explanation about the Industrial Concentration. In this part she told us (she also wrote it on the blackboard) that the vertical and the horizontal concentrations were created to save money or eliminate competitors and they were the cartels, the trusts and holdings.
After that she has given us homework for the next day, to write the consequences of the Industrial Revolution.
- Subway (AE): metro
- Underground: metro (Br. E)
- Tramway/ train: tranvía
- Metalworking Industry: Industria metalúrgica
- Stainless iron: acero inoxidable
- Dye: tinte
- Aluminum: aluminio
- Production line/ taylorism: producción en cadena
- Assembly line: cadena de montaje
- Mass production: producción en serie
- Buyer: comprador
- Consumer good: bien de consumo
- In instalments: a plazos
- Merge: fusionarse
- Cartel: cártel
- Fine: multar