Monday, January 25, 2016

Monday, 25th, January, 2016

Hello! I'ts María. Today in class of Social Sciences we have studied the next contents:

First, we have done a review, spoken about liberalism (those who supported this thought that humans are born free and with some rights guaranteed by the State, and they are agree with the division of powers) and nationalism (political ideology that defends the right of the peoples to decide by themselves and form independent states).
Then, we have learned about the revolutions of 1820, 1830 and 1848 in Europe. The ideas that caused the revolutionary waves were the following:
            - in absolutist States, end the Ancien Régime and establish liberal regimes. When this was achieved,                  democratization became the main demand. 
            - the peoples submitted to the big empires fought to create independent states (nationalism).

Paqui has made a chart in which she explained the revolutions in 1820:

SPAIN--> Development: liberal uprising. Consequences: liberal regime, but return to the absolutism in 1823.
PORTUGAL-->Development: liberal uprising. Consequences: liberal regime, but absolutism came back                                 years later.
PIEDMONT-SARDINIA AND NAPLES-->Development: liberal uprising. Consequences: failed.
GREECE.-->Development: nationalist uprising. They got the support of the Uk and France. 
                -->Consequences: 1829-Independence, 1832-Monarchy.
RUSSIA-->Development: in 1825 the decembrists revolted to establish a liberal regime. Consequences:                     crashed by tsar Nicholas I.
SPANISH COLONIES AMERICA-->Development: the revolt had started during the Peninsular war. It                                                             was both a nationalist and liberal revolt. Consequences: by 1824                                                                   almost all the colonies became independent republics.

We have started in class another chart of the revolution in 1830, that happened in:
 -France (with the approval of the constitutional monarchy).
 -United Kingdom of Netherlands (the Belgians became independent and established a constitutional                 monarchy).
 -Poland (nationalist revolt crashed by Russia).
 -Italian Peninsula (crashed by Austria).
 -German Confederation (repressed by Austria and Prussia).
 -Spain (a constitutional monarchy was stablished and the reforms that ended with the Ancien Régime).
 -United Kingdom (a consequence of the trade unions pressure, Reform Act in 1832).

-Current: actual.
-Budget: presupuesto.
-Pole (noun): polaco.
-Polish (adjective): polaco.
-Barricade: barricada.
-Tsar: zar.
-Power vacuum: vacío de poder.
-Succeed: tener éxito.
-Fail: fracasar, suspender (school)
-Decembrist: decembrista.
-Trade union: sindicato.


Fátima Panadero Manzaneque said...

Hi María! Your journal it's very good!. I've searched some more information about the 1830 revolutions and I've found some interesting information about the origin of these revolts. I leave it here for if you want to learn something more:

The movement started in France, prompted by Charles X’s publication on July 26 of four ordinances dissolving the Chamber of Deputies, suspending freedom of the press, modifying the electoral laws so that three-fourths of the electorate lost their votes, and calling for new elections to the Chamber in September. Strikes and protests were followed by armed confrontations. The royal forces were unable to contain the insurrection; and, after three days of fighting (July 27–29), Charles abdicated the throne and soon afterward fled to England. The radicals wanted to establish a republic, and the aristocracy were loyal to Charles, but the upper-middle class were victorious in their decision to offer the crown to the Duke of Orléans, Louis-Philippe, who had fought for the French Republic in 1792.

If you are interested in this I leave the source here:

See you in class

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Well done, girls! I like the students who don't have enough with what the teacher says in class and look for more information.

See you tomorrow!

AnDrEi Mihaila said...

Omg!! You have done it very well. You've explained every revolution so good. You have forgotten that Paqui it's so proud because this blog has more than 500.000 visits! ;) And.. Fátima I've visited this website and it's so interesting. You can discover a lot of new things. If you don't understood the Maria's explanation you should see this video. It's in Spanish and it explains the 3 revoltions. I think that it can help you.

Here you have the link:

Byee girls!!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

The Encyclopedia Britannica is a good source, much better than the Wikepedia, although you have to pay to read many articles. I prefer the Larousse Encyclopedia, in French.

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello again,

There are very few mistakes in your journal: some capital letters and word order in one sentence:

CAPITAL LETTERS: Decembrists, Tsar Nicholas I, Peninsular War

WORD ORDER: We have started another chart of the 1830 revolution in class, that happened in:

MISSING VOWEL: Spain (a constitutional monarchy was established and the reforms that ended with the Ancien Régime).