Today in Social Sciences we have learnt about the types of colonies that exited during the second half of the 19th century. There were three types of colonies:
- Colonies of exploitation: they totally depended on the metropolis.
- Colonies of settlement: The had an autonomus goverment, but their froeign policy was controlled by the metropolis.
- Protectorates: In theory they were independent, because they had an indigenous origin, but they didn't have an independent foreign policy.
Then we have continue with the point D of the 2nd point of the unit "The scramble for África and Berlín Conference":
In less than 30 years all África was distributed among several Euroean countries. As there were opposed proyects of expansion there was a risk of confrontation in Europe and a conference in Berlin was called in 1885. The main decisions were:
- The country that occupied the coast of a territory could also seize the interior.
- Free navigation of the African rivers.
- Creation of the Congo Free State, given to king Leopold II of Belgium.
The consequences were:
All the continent was distributed between the Europeans. Only Liberia, Abyssinia and Morocco remained free.
Colonies in Africa during this period.
We have also copied some words on the glossary:
- Colonies of settlement: colonias de poblamiento.
- Belligerent: beligarante.
- Suez canal: Canal de Suez.
- Scramble: barullo, lio...
- Coveted: codiciado.
- Clumy: torpe.
- Rubber: caucho.
- Massacre: masacre.
- Heart of darkness: El corazón de las tinieblas.
Remember for next thursday to write on the notebook the name of the colonies included in every empire in this period and to do exercises 9 and 10 from page 41.
See you soon!