Today in Social Sciences we have done a lot of things.
At first ,one part of our class has come late because they were finishing an exam of Ethics.
Later we have revised all the things that we studied before , then we have continued with the conquest of the colonies that was fast due to the technological and military superiority of the colonists, who also used tribal rivalries to divide the indigenous peoples and occupy the territory.Paqui has also explained us the different types of colonies: they were divided into the colonies of exploitation, the colonies of settlement and protectorates. The colonies of exploitation totally depended on their mother country. The colonies of settlement had autonomous government,but their foreign policy was not independent. And the protectorates, that in theory were independent, but their foreign policy was controlled by another power.The most important examples were Morocco, that was controlled by France and Spain between 1907 to 1956 and also Egypt, that was controlled by UK.
Later Paqui has started to explain the scramble for Africa. Tis means that the main European powers became confronted in the colonization of Africa, France and the UK wanted to created continuous empires in Africa (France from West to East and the United Kingdom from North to South).
She has also explained the Berlin Conference in 1885, that was called in order to avoid a war between the Europeans powers in their race to occupy Africa. Otto Von Bismarck sponsored an international conference in Berlin, whose the main decisions were that the country that occupied the coast of territory could also seize the interior, free navigation of the African rivers, creation of Congo Free State, given to king Leopold II of Belgium. The main consequences of this were that all the continent was distributed between the Europeans. Only Liberia, Abyssinia and Morocco remained free. She has also showed us maps about this.
Later she has told us that king Leopold II of Belgium exploited Congo as a private property. All this occured in the rubber plantations.
Then Paqui has given us the homework that we have to do for the next class, that is explain how Africa was occupied and the main decisions of Berlin Conference , its consequences. And she has also given the Exams, but they were without mark, so we have had to calculate them.
We have also added some new words to our glossary:
Trival Rivalries: Rivalidades tribales.
Colonies of explotation: colonias de explotación .
Colonies of settlement: colonias de poblamiento.
Rubber plantations: Plantación de Caucho.
Finally, as the other part of the class had exam of Ethics as well, and we have had to go out before.