Monday, June 11, 2012

Monday, 11th June

Today in Social Sciences, we have asked Paqui what said the inspector about us. She has told us that he was really happy, but at the same time he was angry because next year things are going to be totally different.
Afterwards, Laura and Ana have asked Paqui if the features of Restoration are going to be included in the exam. Paqui has answered that we have to study all the things, because we should know that things. Then, we have continued with the unit, and we have reviewed some things about Fascism. The slogans that show how the Fascists transformed Italy into a Totalitarism, are the following:
-“All within the State, none outside the State, none against the State”
-“Mussolini is always right”.
-“Believe, obey, fight”
- “Either with us or against us”
Paqui has explained us that the unions were replaced by “corporations”. Corporations are sort of unions which included workers and patrons to “solve” labour conflicts.
Mussolini was called the Duce which means the leader, the guide, he had all the power and there was cult for Mussolini´s personality. Propaganda was used to glorify Mussolini. We have learnt what the Lateran pact was: It was an agreement signed by Mussolini and the Pope which meant the creation of the Vatican City as a State inside Italy and solved the conflict between Italy and the Pope. The State intervened in economy with public works, subsidized enterprises…
The Fascist foreign policy was aggressive. Mussolini wanted to restore the splendour of the Roman Empire and started some wars to conquer territories: occupation of Ethiopia in 1935 and Albania in 1939. He also took part in the Spanish Civil War, supporting the rebels, sending more than 70,000 soldiers and weapons.
We have written a new word about this topic in the glossary: Autarky= Autarquía.The main objective was to achieve self-sufficiency, increasing internal production and reducing imports.
We have started the third point of the unit: Nazi Germany. We have started to check the scheme that we had for homework about it. Germany was a democratic republic, Weimar Republic, which had many problems after WW1. The leaders had to face the hard conditions of the Versailles Treaty, a strong economic crisis, unemployment, poverty, hyperinflation ( prices increased a lot), the loss of the value of the mark in 1923 and attempts at revolution and coups d´Etat. Nazism appeared and the main leader was Hitler. We have been talking about Hitler: he fought in WW1, where he became a corporal. Before WW1, he was an art student. He decided to go to the School of art in Vienna but he was rejected,so the lived like a tramp. After the war, the army hired him as an informant and sent him to report on an extreme right party (German Worker´s  Party), he became one of the leaders. In 1920, “National Socialist German Worker´s Party” was created. It had a similar ideology to Italian Fascism. It had three specific ideas: Anti- Semitism (hate for the Jews), superiority of the Arian race and they needed vital space. The party of Hitler had two paramilitary groups:
We have benn talking about the meaming of the Nazi´s symbol, the swastika is a type of sail.
Next day we are going to finish the scheme.

1 comment:

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Very good and fast work, Rebeca!
The only thing you have to correct is when you talk about Hitler: after the war the Army hired him. You could add that he was a tramp for some time when he was rejected in the School of art in Vienna. He lived in shelters and didn´t work until the outbreak of WW1.

I´ve been looking for the correct word to say "aspa de molino" and it´s sail. So the swastika is some kind of sail. I´ll write a post about this later.

Have you had a look on the counter?

See you on Wednesday.