Sorry for the delay, but my computer didn't work well these days. Now I will tell you the class of Tuesday. Paqui has started the class remembering things about Mussolini. Then she has continued explaining The Matteotti affair, The retirement on the Aventine Mount, Totalitarian State, Totalitarianism, Cult of Mussolini's personality, Lateran pacts (1929), Economic policy and Italian foreign aggressive policy.
THE MATTEOTTI AFFAIR
On the 30th May 1924 the Socialist deputy Matteotti denounced Fascist intimidations. He was kidnapped and killed on the 10th of June. Mussolini assumed the responsibility of this fact.
RETIREMENT ON THE AVENTINE MOUNT
All the opposition parties left the Parliament as a protest against the Fascist. The government didn't fall, because the king supported Mussolini. The Fascists intensified their persecution of the opposition: all the political parties and unions were suppressed. Many opposition leaders were imprisoned and others had to exile.
Italy became a totalitarian state: one-single party system; no division of powers; persecution and repression of the opposition and all the aspects of the individuals life are subordinated to the authority of the State.
"All within the State, none outside the State, none against the State"
BELIEVE, OBEY, FIGHT.
CULT OF MUSSOLINI'S PERSONALITY
Mussolini had full power and his figure was presented as if he was a hero. Use of propaganda to glorify Mussolini.
The Italian State signed peace with the Pope. The Vatican City was created as a State inside Italy and a Concordat was signed to regulate the relations between the Holy See and Italy.
- AUTARKY: the main objective was to achieve self-sufficiency, increasing internal production and reducing imports.
- INTERVENTION OF THE STATE IN ECONOMY: public works, rearmament, subsidized enterprises.
ITALIAN FOREIGN AGGRESSIVE POLICY
Mussolini wanted to restore the splendor of the Roman Empire and started some wars to conquer territories like Ethiopia and Albania. Italy also supported the rebels during the Spanish Civil War, sending more than 70,000 soldiers and weapons.
During the lesson we have added some new words for the vocabulary like:
-TO TAKE RISKS: correr riesgos.
-LATERAN PACTS: Pacto de Letrán.
-DRY-LAND CROP: cultivo de secano.
At the end of the lesson she has given to do a scheme about all this from homework. Bye and sorry again for the delay.